A good college of architecture should also teach the legal complications involved in architectural field and architecture laws, but unfortunately this is not what happens in most of the architecture schools.
It is for the architect to collect information about the following architecture laws and technical aspects, although the buyer or owner(s) of the plot can help him in the process.
6 Techno-Construction architecture laws you should keep in mind while designing a building –
1. Allowable land use – Usually, plots in a particular area or particular plots are reserved by local authorities or the government for a particular use, say residential, commercial, etc.
2. Enquiries should be made from the local body to determine whether the plot would be affected by Town Planning and other schemes, necessitating reduction of the plot due to widening of the existing road or construction of a new road or reservation for a certain purpose.
3. In some cases, it is compulsory for a structure/building to be built on the plot within a specified period. An enquiry must be made to find out whether the period can be extended if necessary.
If any existing building is incomplete, the period must be extended well before the due date of expiry.
4. There are rules which allow construction only within certain specified distances from the road, called ‘set back‘ and ‘control’ lines. They are particularly applicable in the vicinity of National and State highways, district roads, burial and cremation grounds, army areas, seashores, mining and quarrying areas, religious places, places of archaeological interest, etc.
5. Information about rules and regulations of local bodies on the following points should be obtained:
(1) front and rear open margins
(2) side margins
(3) margins in case of roads on more than one side
Also Read: Ancient Lights Law for land Properties
(4) proportion of built-up area on the ground floor to the plot area, both in the case of a single building and a group of buildings, and margins between them
(5) floor space index (F.S.I.), also called floor area ratio (F.A.R.), which is the proportion of total built up area of all the floors to whole of the plot area.
It may vary within quite a wide range, from 0.5 to 2.
(6) Allowable maximum number of storeys and height of a building
6. For some projects, like a theatre, a no objection certificate law (N.O.C.) from the government-no objection to build a particular type of building on the particular plot-is necessary.
For certain industries, a ‘no objection certificate’ from the Pollution Board is necessary. Special permissions are necessary for certain types of buildings like petrol filling stations, temples, etc.