The design and architecture of the statue were given by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and was dedicated as a gift to the United States on October 28, 1886, from the people of France.
The statue is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, bearing a torch and a tabula Ansata, which is a tablet evoking the law, upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence i.e. July 4, 1776.
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A broken chain lies at her feet. The statue is an icon of freedom and also a welcoming signal to immigrants arriving from abroad. The Statue of Liberty stands tall as a masterpiece of design and architecture.
General Statue of Liberty facts
1. The Statue of Liberty has 25 windows on its crown (or you may take an elevator to a lower lookout point).
2. The Statue of Liberty is the world’s first largest steel frame.
3. The Statue of Liberty was made in Paris and brought piece by piece for re-erection at the entrance of New York harbour.
4. You’ll have to climb 354 steps to reach its crown.
5. There are seven spikes on the Statue of Liberty’s crown. They represent the seven continents and seven seas.
6. The statue, originally made of copper has now turned green because of the oxidation reaction (a type of chemical reaction) between copper and the water vapours due to the evaporation of water around it.
7. You might be wearing a size 7 or size 6 sandal, but the Statue of Liberty dons size 879 sandals, that are each 25 feet long or 7.6 m long.
8. The light shade of green that Statue of liberty has acquired over time (due to oxidation of copper) is known as ‘Patina’ .
9. The weight of the Statue of Liberty is 450,000 pounds.
10. I bet you did not knew the actual name of the Statue of Liberty – Liberty Enlightening the World.
11. Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi designed the statue, but the one who gave the idea was Edouard de Laboulaye.
12. Edouard de Laboulaye expected that the french people would get inspired to fight for democracy in a dominating monarchy under Napoleon III.
13. This one out of my collection of Statue of Liberty Facts won’t surprise you much, but yes the Statue was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
14. French ship Isere was used to transport 214 copper pieces of this huge statue, which was the tallest iron structure ever built at that time (1886).
15. The ship Isere almost sank in the stormy seas while transporting 214 parts of the statue from France.
16. Only two people till date have committed suicide by jumping off Statue of Liberty, one in 1929 and one in 1932. Many people have also survived after trying to commit suicide.
Dimensions of different parts of Statue of Liberty in Metric system
Height of copper statue – 46 m
Foundation of pedestal (ground level) to tip of torch- 93 m
Heel to top of head – 34 m
Height of hand – 5 m
Index finger – 2.44 m
Circumference at second joint – 1.07 m
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Head from chin to cranium – 5.26 m
Head thickness from ear to ear – 3.05 m
Distance across the eye – 0.76 m
Length of nose – 1.48 m
Right arm length – 12.8 m
Right arm greatest thickness – 3.66 m
Thickness of waist – 10.67 m
Width of mouth – 0.91 m
Tablet, length – 7.19 m
Tablet, width – 4.14 m
Tablet, thickness – 0.61 m
Height of pedestal – 27.13 m
Height of foundation – 19.81 m
Weight of copper used in statue – 27.22 tonnes
Weight of steel used in statue – 113.4 tonnes
Total weight of statue – 204.1 tonnes
Thickness of copper sheeting – 2.4 mm