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architectural wall types

8 Different Types of Wall Materials: Wall Construction Materials

The looks that your house has been determined by the building materials used. While some provide a contemporary and stylish aspect other bring an utter sense of comfort and warmness. Therefore, it is essential to choose the right types of wall material that fits your budget and requirements.

Not only does the selection process of construction materials depend on environmental conditions including climate, soil, and temperature, but also other technical and economic factors are essential. The truth is whatever is used in building walls determines the extent to which the house will counterattack heavy impact, wind, rain, pests, fire, or chemicals. The other things that play a key role as well include cost-effectiveness, environmental issues, labor requirements, and energy efficiency during the selection process.

With the fast advancements in technology and constant innovations various wall building procedures and materials are being developed. From old-style and naturally existing materials to artificially factory-made ones, the styles are many. This article looks at the most popular wall build materials and the way they look similar. Keep reading.

Different Types of Wall Materials

Concrete blocks

Concrete blocks

The materials used to build the structure or frame of a house greatly impact its insulation, strength, and cost. Concrete blocks are one perfect option that is heavy-duty. The slabs leave our home with strong walls that are durable enough to handle great impacts and pressure. It is available in different designs and style choices. Even better, because they are arterially manufactured the units are offered in several sizes and shapes.

The intention of the make is to give some classy and yet refined feel to the walls. The good thing is that regular maintenance is not required. At no point will you risk interacting with emissions of allergic and harmful chemicals. Installing concrete blocks on walls is not very labor-intensive so quite simple. However, it is necessary to carefully design them by experts. Although this can add to the total cost but increase home value.

Stone veneer

Many times, the type of wall materials used for the home affects the general loos. This includes both inside and outside as from there it can withstand wind, fires, and any other physical stress. Without forgetting to say stone veneer enables you to get all those benefits and it makes the home energy efficient entirely. Stone veneer helps in protecting and decorating the exterior walls. The cover provides a unique and aesthetic look worth looking at. This material is quite solid and will never fade or crack easily over time. Even though it is stone it is lightweight and so offers too much flexibility in thickness and height. As natural as it sounds, the pieces are quite difficult to blend as per the design. The material is quite costly than the other materials.

Poured concrete

Materials used in building the interior walls of a home must be always safe, compatible with the existing lighting system, and easy to keep clean and maintain. Building walls using concrete is increasingly becoming a popular option lately. It is always poured directly into the structure to form a partition of different designs and shapes. The resulting product is very strong and heavyweight. Keep in mind that the walls are prone to cracking if enough support is not given. Overtime the walls can become damp if it is unprotected against moisture. Its surface can also get damaged using chemicals including chlorides and sulfates.


The housing and construction industry widely use bricks as one leading material. Working with the pieces is slightly confusing and tricky so a lot of care is needed. Some experienced contractors have ended up failing to follow the right simple steps. As a result, it has led to costly damages once the job is already completed.

The popularity is attributed to its durability and need for low maintenance. The walls if built the right way are resistant to damages, moisture, and even chemicals. And yes, the pieces cannot be easily harm and thus can survive the extreme climates. Because they are made using clay, they are eco-friendly and will not catch fire. The material makes the walls quite heavy so will a sturdy foundation must be built to offer enough support. One drawback of using the units is that the price of creating them is quite high. Also, this building material does not provide a lot of flexibility in the design.


The ability of the walls to resist either burning or decay directly relates to the construction material used. What is more, the intensity of fire eruption components to the nearby areas will determine the number of losses. So, there is a need to use a material that cannot catch fire easily

Wood is one old-style wall construction material that offers both fresh and natural looks to the interior and exterior of the home. When a house ignites outside ignites, fire will spread fast to the other parts including the walls, doors, roof, windows, and extra building components. Even worse, if the materials used are not fireproof it will result in considerable damage or complete loss of the building.

It can be easily accessed so is quite cost-effective. Such walls have lightweight thus are easily installed and relocated. It is unfortunate that wooden walls have no strength, so the timespan is limited especially if used on exterior walls. The components are highly susceptible to getting rotten with frequent rains and even damaged by chemicals and pests.


Not only do outside walls need to be always strong, but also, they must have good looks. The market today offers different types of materials for use. And one of the most unique ones is gabion walls that add visual looks to the house. The units are designed as an enclosure of steel poles or wire packed using rubble and other small rock gravels. It is a good choice because within no minutes you will have them set up and even upgraded. The spaces between the stones are often filled using live decorative flowers and plants. Growing such gives an enhanced natural look. This building material falls among the low-priced. However, its wire cage is susceptible to getting spoiled by rust. Thus, maintenance is required regularly.


If you want a durable material that comes with a stylish feel on the walls, then limestone is worth considering. It comes in different types including rubbed, sandblasted, split-face polished, among others. using this on the walls means it is fireproof and resistant to impacts. However, limestone is prone to getting stains from harsh chemicals.

Steel sheet

Building materials for the walls must be practical and decorative. And steel sheets are best suited for the job. Available in several finishes and designs of panels, you can choose what you exactly need for your frames. Steel is known to be light and yet it is very strong without experiencing wraps. It withstands fire and counterattacks earthquakes more than other building materials. Its framing is not fit for wet and coastal areas so can be prone to rust. Because it is quite expensive so will need the expertise to install.

Structural Insulated Panels

The method of engineering wall materials is quite important when considering the best selection. SIPs have high quality so will always perform without compromising the longevity of their panels. Especially key is the fact that the units are environmentally friendly, durable, and energy-efficient options for wall building. Made from fitting in an insulating coating of materials including polyurethane or polystyrene, it is strong enough. What is more, the manufacturer allows for customization as per the needed design and size.

Plastic/Insulated Vinyl

Insulated vinyl is another standard wall building material having support of solid foam lining. By packing the holes within its profile, including the insulation makes this material completely rigid and resistant to damages. Such benefits make it appear like it is easy to install and a worthwhile upgrade. Many homeowners and builders find this low-cost material worth considering for cladding walls. Even better, it has a lightweight and very durable thus providing ease of installation. This unit also protects against insects and rotting. With many design and color options you can choose the one that best suits your needs. The finish is as well long-lasting so will never fade after a long time of use. However, Vinyl negatively impacts the environment during creation and disposal. This material poorly insulates heat and resists fire.


Finally, the above listed are among the best types of wall materials available in the market today. Choosing any of them will help keep any fury of nature at bay effectively. Hopefully, you realize the incredible potential offered by the structures. Of course, there is a proven way these are primarily functional in every room. This is a completely different way that a homeowner and interior designer can start thinking about barriers.

These different types of wall materials will help you see how the structure of the walls in your space will openly affect the setting that you make. Now, you have a good reason and enough details to enable you to bring the look you desire to have at home.